The Ebola outbreak in Africa and the arrival of the Spanish missionary infected unleashed some social alarm about the disease. These lines extracted from the WHO answer some of the frequently asked questions about this disease. See his page for more information.
1) What is Ebola?
An often fatal viral disease that affects humans and primates. Other animals such as bats carry the virus without having the disease and can be a source of transmission.
2) How do people become infected with the Ebola virus?
Through close contact with organs, fluids and secretions from infected people or animals. Once the disease has been controlled and there is no presence of the virus circulating in plasma the patient is no longer contagious, except for sex (The virus persists until 7 weeks in semen).
3) What are the most at risk populations?
Given the form of transmission, populations most at risk are those who have closer contact with the patient (personal health, Family…) person who has contact with infected animals.
It is not known whether the predisposition to the disease varies inmunodepression.
4) How it manifests?
Produce a picture of severe weakness, fever, generalized aches, that follow from rashes, fallo renal y hepático, and occasionally internal and external bleeding.
5) How long does the disease appear?
The incubation period ranges from 2 and 21 days after the person is infected until the disease begins to manifest. However, during the incubation period, the patient is not contagious.
6) Who should seek medical attention?
Those who are to an area with confirmed cases of Ebola hemorrhagic, or who have been in direct contact with a person suspected of being infected.
7) What treatment can offer?
There is no specific treatment for Ebola virus. The treatment is performed is supported, intensive care to meet dehydration and kidney failure and liver, allowing some patients develop defenses and eliminate virus.
8) How I can prevent disease?
There is currently no vaccine against Ebola. Protective measures passed by taking precautionary measures in the areas of contact with high risk of Ebola; and disseminate information on the nature of the disease and how to prevent.
No has shown that no food cure the Ebola prevenga it.
9) Is it safe to travel to an area where there have been outbreaks of Ebola?
WHO regularly updates the status of public health in each region and establishes restrictions on travel and trade if needed. Beyond that, should avoid contact with infected patients and should be adhered to the guidelines and recommendations in each case then WHO.